Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders
Psychiatry is the branch of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders. Its primary goal is the relief of mental suffering associated with disorder and improvement of mental well-being. Psychiatry adopts a medical approach but may take in to account biological, psychological, and social/cultural perspectives. Psychiatrists are medical doctors and are certified in treating mental illness using the biomedical approach to mental disorders including the use of medications. The term "psychiatry" was first coined by the German physician Johann Christian Reil (1808) and it means “medical treatment of the soul”. Psychiatry has many subspecialties, which include Addiction psychiatry, Forensic psychiatry, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatic medicine, Sleep medicine, Emergency psychiatry, Neuropsychiatry, Social psychiatry, Global Mental Health, Geriatric psychiatry, Clinical neurophysiology, Brain Injury Medicine etc.
Psychiatric disorder or mental illness or mental disorder, is a behavioral pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Some of the common Psychiatric disorders are Personality disorders, Depression, stress, Eating disorders, Addictive behaviors, Bipolar disorder, Obsessive compulsive disorder, Post traumatic stress disorder etc.
- Mood Disorder
- Eating Disorder
- Bipolar Disorder